Chapter XIV: 19-20
|When the seer beholds no
agent other than the gunas and knows that which is higher than them, he attains to
The embodied one having crossed beyond these three gunas out of which the body is evolved, is freed from birth, death, decay and pain, and attains to immortality.
When this dissociation of the self with the gunas, or this disentanglement of the spirit from matter, or even this detachment is mentioned, modern man immediately jumps up and exclaims: That will lead to callousness and disruption of the social structure.
The average man knows only three attitudes in personal relationship:
In non-attachment, love is not lost, but it is preserved from the corroding influence of selfishness and possessiveness. This love does not tire or overwhelm. Its soft touch does not hurt even a rose petal. It does not demand, but it gives. It does not cling to the personality, nor does it neglect the spirit that has made the personality its home. It is a wonderful relationship too sacred for words.
This extends to all activities of the sage. He does not identify himself with the three gunas, but for that matter does not forcibly restrain them. They work; and he knows their workings. He is the ever-blissful witness. He is conscious of his self that is the self of all. This realization flows through the gunas, thus directing their operations towards the welfare of all beings. He is freed from thralldom to the gunas. He is immortal. The gunas gave birth to the body. When the body is dropped the self remains as the universal self, infinite and all-blissful. When the body is living, the gunas function on their own without his ego-interference, even as his breathing goes on! He is free.
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