Chapter Four: 1-3
|The blessed Lord said: I taught this imperishable yoga to Vivasvan, he
told it to Manu, Manu proclaimed it to Ikshvaku.
This, handed down thus in regular succession, the royal sages knew. This yoga by long lapse of time, has been lost here, Oh Arjuna.
That same ancient yoga has been today taught to thee by me, for thou art my devotee and my friend. It is the supreme secret.
"There is nothing new under the sun"! The same old truth is re-stated over and over. The presentation is different - adapted to suit different peoples, generations and conditions prevalent.
The Mahabharata has eighteen chapters or "books." The Gita has eighteen chapters. One plus eight is nine, the final number. It is a symbol of finality - the last word. There are some who are sure that the Gita contains the "last word." Others claim the title for the Holy Bible or the Holy Quran. One who realizes that all these three spring from the same source sees no confusion here. The Indian wisely adds, however, that this "last word" can be re-stated time and time again, with a slight difference in the modulation and accent. This is the secret of his tolerance, understanding and all-inclusiveness.
Truth gets perverted and lost on account of disuse and misuse. The intellect is incapable of comprehending the spiritual truth which spiritual experience alone can approach. When the latter is absent, the intellect feels compelled to spin a web of myth and superstition (known as philosophy) around the truth which is totally covered up in this cobweb in course of time.
The Lord revives true knowledge once more.
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