Chapter X: 4-5
Intellect, wisdom, non-delusion,
forgiveness, truth, self-restraint, calmness, happiness,
pain, existence or birth, non-existence or death, fear and
Non-injury, equanimity, contentment, austerity, beneficence, fame, ill-fame - these different kinds of natures of beings arise from me alone.
CommentaryThe danger of a negative approach in metaphysics is that the subtle truth which transcends (but in a way includes) all viewpoints is lost sight of. Hence, the goal of the yogi is beyond philosophy and metaphysics. It is the great eloquent silence which is the substratum for the one (the monosyllable Om) and the many (language and speech), beyond all affirmations and denials. That goal is the supreme peace which is the foundation of the created universe (one) and all the objects in it (many). It is that supreme bliss which is the basis for the experience of undifferentiated happiness (one) and of different experiences (many) from the highest pleasure to the worst pain.
God is the bed of the river, and all these are its waters which flow on and on from immemorial past to unforeseeable future. In the light of this truth the shadow called the ego vanishes. Hence, the Lord enumerates a few of the many qualities that characterize our inner being and topography. You will notice that they all arise from him. You will notice, too, that they are self-contradictory. We see this wonder in nature: elements like fire and water are present everywhere and peacefully co-exist though their natures are different. All of them have God as their substratum. They all spring from him, they exist on account of him, but they do not in any way limit him - nor need we "protect" him by denying their indescribable and wonderful relation with him.
One who sees this welcomes all experiences. Such a one was Swami Sivananda. He welcomed joy and sorrow; he was not ashamed to be glorified, nor was he bothered if he was insulted even by his own disciples. All these arise in God. However, this spirit is not easy to grasp. What do we do till then? Look for that God experience.
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