Chapter IX: 17-19
I am the father of this world, the
mother, the dispenser of the fruits of actions and the
grandfather; the thing to be known, the purifier, the
sacred mono-syllable (Om), and also the Rig-, the
Sama-,and the Yajur-vedas.
I am the goal, the supporter, the Lord, the witness, the abode, the shelter, the friend, the origin, the dissolution, the foundation, the treasure house, and the imperishable seed.
I give heat. I withhold and send forth the rain; I am immortality and also death, existence and non-existence, Oh Arjuna.
CommentaryFrom the transcendental to the abstract! The mind is unable to think of even space and its dimensionlessness. It cannot transcend its own finite nature and yet remain "mind"; the knower-beyond-mind is intuition. The transcendental reality can only be intuitively grasped, for it is beyond thought and rationalization. Whatever may be thought of by the mind is the reality converted into a thought by the mind, converted into a substance by the mind. The reality has no name, no form, no quality, no attribute and can neither be characterized as existence nor non-existence, for then we fall into the error of "pairs of opposites,"
Is there, then, no hope for the man who is unable to rise to the level of the realization of the transcendental? Is the jet the only mode of travel? Is there no ship for the man of weak heart? Yes; meditate upon these abstract concepts, but remember that they are pointers and guide-posts, not the destination.
The synthesis of opposites in the third verse is very important. God is not this or that; yet he is this and that, by virtue of being their substratum and reality. He embraces all opposites because he transcends them all. From his point of view the opposites are like the light and shade of a painting, like the sympathetic and para-sympathetic nervous system in us, performing opposite functions for a common benefit, under the direction of life.
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