|He who is everywhere without attachment, who neither rejoices nor despises on meeting with anything - good or bad, his wisdom is established.|
The foremost principle to be grasped in dealing with these pairs of complementary opposites is that they are vital to all growth. Heat and cold, rain and sun, night and day are necessary for plant growth, and for the growth of our vital "vegetable" nature. Pleasure and pain, success and failure, honor and dishonor, are necessary for the growth of our "mental" nature, the psychological aspect which should thus be purified of its dross and cleared of misunderstanding to arrive at the saner stability of mental equilibrium. Good and evil are necessary in the same way in order to raise us above them!
It is only because we have a much too narrow vision which prevents us from seeing life as a whole, that we seek and cling to what we regard as pleasant and fight to get away from what we come to feel as unpleasant. If we rouse our wisdom and raise ourselves from the purely earth-earthy life, we shall, from the lofty heights of yoga, enjoy the enthralling vision of the whole life, and perceive the wondrous pattern of these opposites ironically blending to create divine life. The pairs of opposites will lose their dreadful significance and will reveal their true nature as essential factors for our spiritual growth. The seed destroys itself to create the plant. The plant sacrifices itself to feed man. Man voluntarily sacrifices his pleasure to promote others' welfare. The whole universe is constantly subjecting itself to this endless alternation of opposites in order that the soul may be liberated from their thralldom. He who sees thus is a sage of steady wisdom. Happiness seeks him unsought: happiness, when sought, is a worthless prize - for it is its own price. Steady wisdom pursues its own source - the self, eternal, infinite fountain of bliss.
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