Chapter XII: 13, 14
|He who hates no creature,
who is friendly and compassionate to all, who is free from attachment and egoism, balanced
in pleasure and pain, and forgiving,
Ever content, steady in meditation, self-controlled, possessed of firm conviction, with the mind and intellect offered to me, he, my devotee, is dear to me.
The eight concluding verses of this chapter are thrilling and superb. They are called amritashtakam - the immortal eight. Krishna, who has said that there was none dear or antagonistic to him, suddenly declares that there are some who are extremely dear to him! Who they are and what their nature is, he describes in these eight verses.
We should remember:
(a) That God is not a worldly ruler with friends and enemies.
(b) That he who answers to these descriptions becomes receptive to God's divine, omnipresent love. The pure heart receives and reflects this love, even as pure iron-filings rush to the magnet, while rusted ones do not; through no fault of the magnet itself.
(c) That whether we regard God as aloof and unconcerned with the world, or in his omniscience, as able to fulfill the delicate dual role of a witness and active participant in this world-play, he is never whimsical.
(d) That the characteristics mentioned in connection with the devotee are almost the same as those mentioned in connection with descriptions of the sthitaprajna (one who is unshakably established in superconsciousness) or gunatita (one who has transcended the three qualities of nature), following jnana or karma yoga paths. In fact, a close study of the Bhagavad Gita should convince us that these paths are but one path viewed from the aspirant's particular standpoint; even as descriptions of the universe and of God vary, depending upon the standpoint of the viewer.
(e) Since God is one's innermost reality, this God-love dispels the psychotic self-love and self-hate that distort man's vision and estimation of himself with consequent maladjustment in society.
Web Editor's Notes